In this article “Personality Development and The Johari Window” we are discussing about all quadrants of ‘The Johari Window’ based on Personality Development.
The Johari Window
When we talk about self-awareness, personality development, group development or team development, we must understand about ‘The Johari window’. So first of all we are going to discuss about ‘The Johari window’.
‘The Johari window’ model was developed by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in 1950’s. Combining first letters of their names Jo and Hari, it is called as Johari. This model is also known as disclosure / feedback model of self-awareness.
‘The Johari Window’ model talks about two sides of observation ‘self’ and ‘others’. Here ‘self’ refers to person subjects to The Johari Window analysis. The term ‘others’ refers to other people in the team or group or related to the person. All the information related to the analysis are observed on two sides, ‘self’ and ‘others’. The information includes views, skills, attitudes, experience, motivation etc. related to a person. You can read the factors that affect personality development in our article “Factors Affecting Personality Development“.
The Johari Window Model consists of four regions (or areas) on the basis of known and unknown areas of ‘self’ and ‘others’ as shown in figure below.
Personality Development and The Johari Window
In this section we will just discuss about all the four quadrants or areas. As we already discussed, the areas represents known and unknown areas of ‘self’ and ‘others’. The information includes views, skills, attitudes, experience, motivation etc. related to a person.
1. Open Area/Free Area
Open / Free area represents what is known by the person about him / herself and to others. If this area is more, the person is more open, having good communication, transparent. This area shows how much he/she is able to work in the group. One can extend open/free area to both sides. That is by opening up our hidden areas to others and also by getting feedback from others to reduce the area we don’t know about us.
2. Blind Area
This area represents what is unknown by the person about him/herself but others know. This area tells something about self awareness. If someone ignores self, this area will be more for him/her. A person should reduce this area by getting feedback from others. Others have a greater role in reducing this area of a person.
3. Hidden Area
This area represents what the person knows about him/herself that others do not know. Hidden area for a person will be more if he/she is having hidden agenda, fears etc. A person can reduce this area by increasing proper communication.
4. Unknown Area
Unknown area represents what is unknown by the person about him/herself and is also unknown by others. Collective efforts of self and others will be effective in reducing this area.
A person who wants to develop personality must focus on expanding open area, and reduce other three areas by different methods.
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