International Day of Neutrality is observed on December 12 with an aim to enhance public awareness of the value of neutrality in international relations.
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Observed on: 12 December
Organized by: UN
Introduced in: 2017 (UN Declaration and First Observation)
About International Day of Neutrality
Neutrality is defined as the legal status arising from the abstention of a state from all participation in a war between other states, the maintenance of an attitude of impartiality toward the belligerents, and the recognition by the belligerents of this abstention and impartiality.
This is important in strengthening and security and in developing mutually beneficial relations among countries of the world. The policy of neutrality is a key factor provides conditions and building a platform for peaceful negotiations. Countries with the status of neutrality play an important role in providing and delivering humanitarian assistance in situations of complex emergencies and natural disasters.
UN General Assembly adopted a resolution on 2 February 2017 declared 12 December as International Day of Neutrality. The resolution was introduced by Turkmenistan, recognized by the world body as a permanently neutral state since 12 December 1995.
Actions and Programs on Day of Neutrality
Different programs and events are organized on this day which aimed at enhancing public awareness of the value of neutrality in international relations.
UN Member States, UN system organizations, international and regional organizations, and non-governmental organizations took part in different education programs and events to mark this day.